Medical School Requirements in Ontario

Discussion Forum:

1. UOT

Undergraduate Applicants Minimum requirements:

  • at least 3 years of study towards a Canadian university bachelor’s degree in any discipline (equivalent of 15 credits)
  • minimum GPA of 3.6 / 4.0 on the OMSAS scale
  • minimum MCAT scores of 9 in each section and N on the Writing Sample
  • applicants educated outside of Canada must complete the equivalent of a Canadian four-year university bachelor’s degree (please see the section for International Applicants)


  • two full-course equivalents (FCE) in any life science
  • one FCE in any of social sciences, humanities, or a language 

General Information

Students attending a Canadian university taking programs leading to degrees in any discipline (e.g., Arts, Engineering, Pharmacy, Science, etc.) may apply for admission during the third or higher years of university study provided they have fulfilled the prerequisite course requirements. 

Undergraduate academic achievement is assessed through MCAT scores and GPA. The coherence and rigour of the program of study, and the relative standing of the applicant in that program, where available, will be assessed in the interpretation of GPA. Prospective applicants are encouraged to pursue challenging and rigourous courses of study, as this will not jeopardize their chance of successful application. Applicants are expected to have taken courses at a level corresponding with the year of their program. For example, a student who applies for admission while registered in the third year of undergraduate work should have at least three third-year or higher courses in his/her program.  Applicants in the fourth year of their program should be enrolled in a majority of courses at the third- and fourth-year levels.

The calculated grade point average used to fulfill the academic requirement will not include the candidate’s current year of study, as this information is not available to us during the application period.

All applicants are asked to explain their choice of undergraduate study in their personal statement. Applicants who are not following a prescribed program are required to submit an explanation and focus of their chosen program. Applicants registered in cooperative programs are advised to submit a separate letter detailing the schedule of their academic and work terms, if this information is not clear from their transcript.

Students applying in the final year of a three- or four-year degree program must complete the degree requirements and provide proof of completion prior to the date of enrolment. Students applying in the third year of a four-year degree program must provide proof that they have completed the requirements of that year of their degree prior to the date of enrolment in the medical program.

NOTE: Applicants accepted from the third year of a four-year degree program will not be considered for deferred admission.  The decision whether or not to first complete one’s undergraduate degree should be carefully considered before application to medical school is made.

Non-Academic acheivements are assessed through the personal essay, autobiographical sketch, and reference letters.

2. McMaster

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Academic Requirements

Applicants must report on the OMSAS Academic Record Form all grades received in the undergraduate credit courses in which they have ever registered. Failure to report courses, programs or grades on the OMSAS Academic Record Form will result in the disqualification of the application. All grades are converted by the applicant on the Academic Record Form to a 4.00 scale according to the OMSAS Undergraduate Grading System Conversion Table. (The Conversion Table is provided with the OMSAS Application.)There are four absolute requirements for eligibility to apply to the program:

  • By May 2012, applicants must have completed a minimum of three years of undergraduate degree level work (30 half year credits or 15 full year credits or a combination). There is no requirement that applicants carry a full course load. Applicants who do not have 30 credits complete at the time of application must submit their final undergraduate transcript with course codes and grades to McMaster by June 30, 2012 as evidence that this requirement has been met;
  • By October 3, 2011 applicants must have achieved an overall OMSAS converted average of 3.00 on the 4.00 point scale.
  • All applicants to the MD Program are required to write the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) prior to the deadline date of October 3rd and must release their scores to OMSAS by October 11th. The score from the Verbal Reasoning section of the MCAT will be used in both formulae (offer of interview and advancement to Collation). A minimum score of 6 on the Verbal Reasoning component is required. The Physical Sciences, Biological Sciences and Writing Sample scores will not be considered in the selection process. MCAT test results will be accepted provided the test was written no more than five years prior to the application deadline. The most recent test result will be used for those applicants who attempt the MCAT more than once. For information on the MCAT, click here.
  • On Wednesday, October 19, 2011 or Sunday, October 23, 2011, all applicants to the Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University will be required to complete a 90 minute computer-based test, called CASPer, as part of the selection process. CASPer, the Computer-based Assessment for Sampling Personal characteristics, is a web-based assessment of interpersonal skills and decision-making, to be completed at a computer.  Successful completion of CASPer is required to maintain applicant eligibility.

No other aspects of the application will be considered if these requirements are not met.


Please note: Only degree courses taken at an accredited university will be considered. To satisfy the minimum requirements, academic credentials from a Canadian University must be from an institution that is a full member of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC) or the Council of Ontario Universities (COU).

An applicant who has completed a diploma at a CEGEP (Province of Quebec) must have completed by May, 2012 at least two additional years (20 half year credits) of degree credit work at an accredited university.

Applicants who have satisfactorily completed the requirements for a baccalaureate degree in less than three years by the time of the application deadline, and who meet the “3.00” average requirement, are also eligible.

An overall simple average will be calculated using the grades from all undergraduate degree level courses ever taken (with the exception of credits taken on exchange outside of Canada/USA). Work of different years is treated equally. This average is calculated by the applicant on the OMSAS Academic Record Form and verified on the OMSAS Verification Report which is sent to applicants. McMaster University may also review and revise this average. The marks from supplementary and summer courses will be included in the GPA calculation. Courses for which a “Pass” grade is assigned are counted for credit, but will not be included in the GPA calculation. In order for the GPA to be evaluated, independent grades from a minimum of 5 half-year or 5 full-year courses are required, without which the application will not be considered.

3. University of Western Ontario

Admissions Requirements

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The following are requirements for admission in Fall 2011.  Please note that the admission policy is reviewed annually and the admission requirements from previous years may not apply.  The University reserves the right to review and change the admission requirements at any time, without notice.Applicants to the Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry’s Undergraduate MD program are considered on a number of levels.  The first review of applicant information takes into account the candidate’s academic history and performance: completion of honours degree; GPA in 2 best years; and MCAT scores. 

For applicants from outside Southwestern Ontario, the MCAT minimums for the 2010-11 application cycle are as follows:

Biological Sciences:   10

Physical Sciences:       9

Verbal Reasoning:     11

Writing Sample:         P

The minimum GPA is 3.70

Some flexibility is given to applicants from Southwestern Ontario. In the 2010-11 application cycle, a minimum score of 8 in any one section of the MCAT is acceptable as long as the combined score for Biological Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Verbal Reasoning is 30 or more. The minimum score for the Writing Sample is O.

The minimum GPA is 3.7 as for applicants outside Southwestern Ontario.

Admission to the Doctor of Medicine Program is highly competitive and possessing the minimum requirements does not ensure an interview or offer of admission. 

4. University of Ottawa

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Eligibility Criteria

Applications will be accepted from students in good standing who will have successfully completed, prior to the beginning of June preceding registration, in a recognized university, three years of full-time studies (five full-year course/year) in any undergraduate program leading to a bachelor’s degree, including four specific prerequisite courses: 1. one full year course (or two semester courses) in General Biology including laboratory session; 2. one full year course in Humanities or Social Sciences (or two semester courses in separate disciplines; 3. and 4. the equivalent of two full-year courses (or four semester courses) of the following Chemistry courses: i) General Biochemistry without laboratory session; ii) General Chemistry with laboratory session; iii) Organic Chemistry with laboratory session.

A full-time academic year where the equivalent of four (4) full-year courses is taken is accepted and counted in the WGPA calculation only if the missing course/credit is completed either as an additional course within another academic year or as a summer course. Individual courses taken during a summer session are accepted for the credit value in this instance however the mark obtained is not counted in the calculation of the WGPA. Any year with less than four full-year courses will not count as a full-time year of study. A full-time summer semester does not replace a semester of studies within an academic year.

Candidates are allowed to complete missing prerequisite courses during the academic year preceding admission but, as with all courses, not during the summer before their registration in the MD program of studies.

The description of the prerequisite sciences courses offered at the University of Ottawa can be found in the last step of the eligibility requirements.

The Faculty of Medicine of the University of Ottawa determines equivalences.

Language courses are not recognized towards the Humanities or Social Sciences prerequisites.

N.B. Meeting the above requirements does not guarantee admission.

Furthermore, in selecting students, the Admissions Committee reserves the right to assess, in the applicant’s program, the level of difficulty of completed courses and their relevance to future medical studies at the University of Ottawa; the Committee also considers the candidate’s results in these courses.

5. Queens University

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Academic Requirements

In order to qualify for the Queen’s Medical School, you need to have:

  • a minimum of 90 credits in any university program by the end of the academic year (September–April) in which application is made. (For further information, go to Credit Requirements)

The following academic requirements have been eliminated and will not be required starting with applications for admissions to the program in September 2013:

  • the equivalent of a full‑year university course in each of the following groups:

biological sciences (eg. anatomy, biochemistry, biology, botany, genetics, immunology, microbiology, physiology, zoology)

physical sciences (eg. general chemistry, geology, organic chemistry, physics);

humanities (eg. classics, English, French, foreign Languages, film studies, drama, music, history, philosophy, religion) OR social sciences (eg. anthropology, economics, geography, political science, psychology, sociology)

With the elimination all prerequisite courses, applicants are able to select a program of study and courses which best meet the goals of their undergraduate degree program.  We do not recommend any particular course or degree program since no preference is given to applicants who have studied in any particular university program. Applicants are encouraged to consider all of the undergraduate programs available to them and to embark on the course of study in which they have the greatest interest and that would prepare them for an alternate career should they not gain a place in medicine.

  • All applicants are required to write the Medical College Admission Test prior to the deadline for submission of applications to OMSAS. (For further information, go to MCAT)
  • Candidates must be Canadian citizens or Canadian permanent residents (landed immigrants).  (For more information, go to Residency Requirement)